Working capital (abbreviated WC) is a financial metric which represents operating liquidity available to a business, organization or other entity, including governmental entity.
Along with fixed assets such as plant and equipment, working capital is considered a part of operating capital.
Gross working capital equals to current assets. Working capital is calculated as current assets minus current liabilities.
If current assets are less than current liabilities, an entity has a working capital deficiency, also called a working capital deficit.
A company can be endowed with assets and profitability but short of liquidity if its assets cannot readily be converted into cash.
Positive working capital is required to ensure that a firm is able to continue its operations and that it has sufficient funds to satisfy both maturing short-term debt and upcoming operational expenses. Working capital management involves inventories, accounts receivable and payable, and cash.